Kenya

Lamu, Kenya. Aerial View

Kenya

Africa. Political map

Kenya is part of East Africa. The total area is 582,650 km ² (almost the double one of Italy), of whom 13,400 km ² occupied by inland waters. It is bordered to the North by Ethiopia (830 km) and South Sudan (232 km), to the South by Tanzania (769 km), to the West by Uganda (933 km), to the Northeast by Somalia (682 km). To the East is wet from the Indian Ocean along a coastline of 536 km.
The geography of Kenya is quite complex. Kenya is a country in East Africa, and is crossed by the equator.
Despite being an equatorial and tropical country, has very diverse climates. In the North you will find the desert air, and in South-Central Highlands, with woods and savannas. The country is crossed by long chains of mountains.

Altogether, the element that most distinguishes the morphological Kenya’s Rift Valley, which crosses from North to South. The inland lakes are fresh water and salt water; There are also acid fumaroles and geysers heads. Few rivers instead, of which only two have a scope and a notable length (the Tana and the Galana).

Africa. Physical map

The coast of Kenya, along the Indian Ocean 536 km long and has a Southwest-Northeast. The coast is rich in coral reefs (notable ones of Malindi, Watamu and Shimo la Tewa) and sandy beaches in the South.
There are also the Lamu archipelago, to the North, and other islands on the border with Tanzania.
Tana rivers and Galana throw themselves into the Ocean North of Malindi. Along the shores are forests with a rich biological heritage.
The coastline is made up of indigenous land, with strong presences of ancient coral reefs, and with a smooth slope that rises toward the inside.

From the Coast Path climbs rapidly towards the Yatta plateau, that somehow separates the Northern lowlands from the Tsavo region.
The Tsavo is a semi desert area plain, crossed by hills and mountains, which leads monolithic up at the foot of Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa (which has the Summit in Tanzania).
North of Yatta plateau lie the deserts that converge in the Somali region. Northwest of Tsavo begin the Central Highlands. North what culminates in the Mount Kenya, the second African Summit, and to the South with extensive savannahs and grasslands inhabited by the Maasai.
These plateaus have a variable height from 800 to 3000 metres, with an average over 1600 metres. North of Mount Kenya, the Highlands descend quickly to an area that has significant though semi desert area ranges. Important mount Marsabit.

All along the Rift Valley are mountain ranges. The most important are those of the Mau, Elgeyo-Kaputiei, and those of Baringo.
Some of the highest mountains in Africa are located within Kenya or near its borders. Among them are Mount Kenya, Mount Elgon, the Aberdare Mountains and the Kilimanjaro massif, whose highest peak is located in Tanzania. In addition to these we mount Homa formed by carbonatite lava.

Kenya map

In addition to the ocean along the coast, Kenya controls a small slice of Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa. Other inland waterways of importance are the lakes along the Rift Valley, almost all with salt water (Magadi, Elementeita, Nakuru) and often affected by phenomena such as geysers (Bogoria). The release of vapors under strong pressure is common in many areas of the Rift.

Remarkable is the presence of fumaroles in the area of Ol Karia where a thermal power station uses steam to produce electricity. Important Lake Turkana, a freshwater lake fed from the Omo River, from the Ethiopian Highlands.

The only two important rivers are the Galana and the Tana. The Lair was born from the basin along the flanks of Mount Kenya and the surrounding plateau. Then continues northward to bend significantly in the South and the coast. The Galana started off as a small stream from the Ngong Hills, just south of Nairobi and runs around the northern edge of the plain Kaputiei. Here is called by masai Mbagathi. After receiving water from various other small courses, out of Nairobi National Park and is known by the name of Wahid. Follow North and forms the Forteen Falls near Thika. From here it turns South East, keeping close to the entire ridge of the Yatta plateau where it receives the waters of Tsavo and form the Rapids of Lugard. Continues its run up to jump into the ocean, as Sabaki, just north of Malindi.

The coastal strip, more than 400 km, a region of arid highlands and stepposi; the central one, which stands at an altitude between 1500 and 3000 metres, is divided by the fracture of the Rift Valley that extends from North to South and forming the basin of Lake Turkana (or Rudolph). The sides of the Rift Valley rises the imposing volcanic massifs, the eldest of whom is Mount Kenya (5199 m), one of Africa’s highest mountains and Kilimanjaro (5358 m) on the border with Tanzania. The plateau slopes to the West, near Lake Victoria, and to the North where Kenya’s territory is occupied by a vast desert plateau.

Along the coast it has a tropical climate, heavily affected by the monsoon. Inside, under the 1000 m, it has a warm climate with drought conditions and some desert sottoclimi. Over 1000 meters the climate is temperate and continental makes even higher mountains Alpine. The capital, Nairobi, has a temperate climate – the temperature rarely rises above 30 degrees – and cold during the short winter (June/July).

The climate is very hot and humid coastal regions becomes milder and drier in the heart of the country, in relation to altitude. The rains are concentrated in two periods of the year: March to may, while the great rains from October to December rains are intense but short. The dominant environment is that of Savannah, protected by several nature reserves covering about 10% of the national territory. On the slopes of the mountains and along the course of the rivers there are traces of the original rainforest; While in the North, less rainy areas, savanna fades in the desert. The Savannah is the habitat of large herds of herbivores (antelopes, gazelles, giraffes, buffaloes, zebras, elephants) and their predators (lions, leopards and cheetahs). In the waters of lakes and rivers living hippopotamus and crocodiles.

Political map of KenyaKenya: ancient history

Kenya is considered the cradle of humanity, thanks to the discoveries made by l. s. b. Leakey and g. l. Isaac, in the area of Lake Turkana, several skulls, including one dating back to about two and a half million years ago. We can say that Kenya is really old if you think that in 2002 in the area of Lake Turkana was found a hominid rest of over six million years.
The Paleoanthropologist Justus Erus Leakey’s team, in 1999 at Lomekwi, Western banks of Lake Turkana in Kenya, discovered fossil remains of Kenyanthropus platyops considered a species of extinct Pliocene Hominide, lived between 3.2 and 3.5 million years ago. The name “Kenyanthropus platyops” comes from Greek and means “man of Kenya” “from the flat face” and was attributed by Leakey to indicate this species, which is also the only known so far for this genre.

The fossil remains found (very deformed) belonging to this new species, consisting of about thirty fragments of a skull very wide and flat face with small teeth. Some paleo-anthropologists the Kenyanthropus could be a variety of Australopithecus afarensis, which lived at the same time and in the same area, or a species of Australopithecus. According to others, the flat face is similar to the finds of Homo rudolfensis, and so would already be an ancestor of the genus Homo. Waiting for further and more significant finds the debate remains open.

Many places are famous to have returned very ancient hominid: Baringo (9 million years), Lukeino (6 million years), Lothagam (ca. 5 million years).

Archaic industries in particular have been found in the Koobi Fora region East of Lake Turkana: the Oldowan industry in KBS site (oldest layers dating to about 1.8 million years); Oldowan industry evolved from, dated to ca Karari. -1.4 1.5 million years. Industries attributed to this phase are also known in central Kenya Chesowanja, where remains of Any robust dated to ca. 1.4 million years.

Levels of different stages of Acheuleano are known in the important site of Olorgesaile, ca. 50 km southwest of Nairobi, and Isenya. A Acheuleano, associated with human remains attributed to a representative of an archaic Homo sapiens, originates from the Kanjera site. Industries of the Middle Stone Age and Late Stone Age are found, among other things, around Isenya and Hill, near Lukenya in Nairobi. Type upper Palaeolithic complexes, known as Eburriano, are known to Gamble’s Cave, in the central area of the Rift and Drift Nderit, South of Lake Nakuru. Fishing camps dating back to between 5000 and 9000 BC have been found at Ileret, in Lothagam and Lowasera, on the eastern shore of Lake Turkana.

Millennia various populations have emigrated and settled in Kenya. by Hottentots of South Africa to the surface of Somalia, but is in the last millennium after Christ who settled in this area the majority of ethnic groups that gave rise to this wonderful country which is Kenya. By bantu populations the Kikuyu tribe, Akamba, Meru, Gusii and many more, while nilotiche people in Sudan, who moved from the Nile Valley around 1400, the Masai tribe life, Luo, Turkana and Samburu.

The Swahili culture was born here also as in Zanzibar in the same way, because the story was the same. From 700 a.d., Arabs and ancient Persia, Shiraz began pounding the coasts of East Africa, for commercial shipments (See “Zanguebar the land of the Zanj“); as in Tanzania even here many families originated from the Union of ancient merchants with women in Kenya and so was born what is now considered one of the richest cultures of ancient Africa: the Swahili culture. Small towns, State of Islam, with plots of local religions, based on trade in costellarono the coast from Somalia to Mozambique and today we still track well evident in the two islands was once the cradle of civilization: in Kenya, Lamu archipelago in Tanzania and Zanzibar archipelago (See “Kenya from X to XX century“).

Masai warriorKenya: modern history

The modern history of Kenya is very articulate. In these few lines there will give you only a trace.
The Portuguese arrived in Malindi with Vasco da Gama in 1498. Despite several attempts to secure control of some cities for its trades ranging from India to Europe, the Portuguese were driven by the continuous rebellions of the local population, as in Zanzibar, called in to help the Arabs of Oman, falling down soon from the frying pan into the Fire “.

The Arab presence, in fact, was soon much heavier than the Portuguese, when the Sultan of Oman decided to move to the island of Zanzibar to better control the traffic of slaves, sugar, coffee and cloves, extended across East Africa.
Mombasa and pies (in Lamu archipelago), Swahili City-States, in total rebellion against the Sultan of Oman were annihilated in 1822 but revolts in other coastal areas diminished not.
Legendary was the figure of African leader, known as Mirambo, who around 1870 besieged the Citadel of Kaze, where the Sultan had placed its own settlement and forced him to leave that place forever.

After the abolition of slavery, thanks to a strong boost of English Government in 1873 began the gradual advance English in the lands of Northern Kenya, hitherto inaccessible because of the feared Maasai Warriors. At the end of 1800 the Masai spiritual leader, known as Olonana (known to the British as Lenana), granted to England for permission to build on their territory the current railway line linking Mombasa to Uganda, the infamous Uganda Railway.
This story was shot on film, spirits in darkness, the story of two lions who did not like the construction of the railway line. The fate of the Masai was marked, the myth of the end of the world, he spoke of his own “iron snake” that would have crossed their lands, before their destruction.

Slowly the Masai were relegated to two reserves, separated by the railway line, but were driven out after a few years even from further north, because extremely fertile and were pushed into drier lands to the South; the protests of the Masai leader Olonana, now called Lenana, couldn’t serve for nothing.
The Masai warriors were forced by white settlers in smaller reserves and the tribe of Kikuyu farmers were removed from the land. In the early years of the 20th century, the inner lands belonged to farmers who created coffee and tea plantations on the lands of the Kikuyu tribe, which knew not the land claim in European terms. With the passage of time began to increase opposition to the colonial regime, as Kenya African Union joined other claiming the right to freedom of the people of Kenya. In 1956 the Mau Mau Ribellion was defeated by the colonists with a toll of over 13 thousand deaths in Africa, but it was only a battle victory that snapped off tempers and not the desire to free Kenyans. The December 12, 1963, Kenya finally gets its independence by becoming one of the most stable and prosperous Nations in Africa. Jomo Kenyatta was the first President of the newly independent Kenya. Kenyatta was the political successor to Harry Thuku, an early leader of the kikuyu, founder in 1921 of the East African Association, imprisoned in 1922 by the British, without having committed crimes.

See also: Colonialism

Jomo KenyattaKenya: contemporary history

Dates back to the years ’30s the beginning of the independence of Kenya, with male, Johnstone Kamau, better known as Jomo Kenyatta, to whom is dedicated the name Nairobi International Airport.

Kenyatta, leader of the Kikuyu Central Association, in 1929 he went to London to seek a peaceful resolution with the British Indian Secretary, but was not even received. The following fifteen years, Kenyatta lived between Moscow, London and Berlin, forming in the art politics and revolutionary action. He founded the Pan-African Federation with Kwame Nkurmah (future President of Ghana) and Hastings (future President of Malawi). In the mid 40’s he returned to Kenya, becoming the leader of KAU, Kenya African Union; Meanwhile, however, in the early 50’s the secret group, known around the world as Mau-Mau, consisting of Masai, Luo and Kikuyu with which began the revolution Mau-Mau. Kenyatta, though unrelated to the movement was soon arrested for nearly seven years. After various repressions and openings of the English Government finally in 12 December 1963 we came to independence of Kenya under Jomo Kenyatta, who tried to start a policy of equity and redistribution of land. Kenyatta ruled until his death in 1978 it.

After Jomo Kenyatta’s death in 1978, rose to power, becoming the second President of Kenya, Daniel Arap Moi from the tribe of the Tugen. Moi ordered the dismemberment of the University and the dissolution of tribal societies. Under the new Government internal tensions had a new intensification, the Kenyan Air Force, with its aviation Division in 1982, attempted a coup d’état but failed because the military apparatus loyal to President Moi had the best, dismantling the air force.

International aid in favour of Kenya headed by President (dictator) Moi were stopped, then the IMF (International Monetary Fund) asked Moi to loosen the stranglehold of political oppression in place and more democratic behavior in respect of the people of Kenya, Kenya would in return had again international aid. Daniel Arap Moi accepting the “conditions” of IMF won re-election in 1993 and also those (much discussed) of 1997. In the 2002 elections, former President Moi from 24 years, tried to change the Constitution in order to reapply, but managed, then was elected President Mwai Kibaki, causing a profound change of Government policy and introducing of new democracy in Kenya.

Uhuru Kenyatta

March 26, 2013

Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, former leader of the political party Kenya African National Union (KANU), the former single party of Kenya, and son of Jomo Kenyatta and Ngnina Muhoho, the father of independence of Kenya, was appointed President of Kenya.
Although called by the second President of Kenya, Daniel Arap Moi, to be his successor at the helm of the KANU presidential election on 27 December 2002, Kenyatta suffered a heavy defeat by the coalition of opposition parties led by Mwai Kibaki. Although KANU had held the power in the 39 years after independence, got only 31% of the vote against 62% for Kibaki. Some analysts have emphasized his closeness to outgoing President Moi as a cause of defeat. In January 2005, Uhuru Kenyatta defeated Nicholas Biwott for chairmanship of KANU, 2,980 votes obtaining by party delegates against 622 votes in favor of Biwott, consolidating his position as President and leader of the KANU and the opposition.

Today, Kenya is one of the most viewed countries of Africa, in strong recovery, on which the whole world community is focusing a lot, including the Italian Government, given the recent 2009 funding, to Italian investors in Kenya. Much is being done and will be done again and it is no coincidence that tourism is more each year in total: one of the most beautiful parks in the world, breathtaking beaches and an extremely hospitable and friendly population, can only help the tourism economy.

Kenya. Violence after the elections December 27, 2007-January 3, 2008. In the picture: More than 10 people burn alive.

January 29, 2016

At 18 months from the next election, the landscape is likely already to be explosive, in Kenya. Especially the Rift Valley is not expected to bubble up. A fragile ecosystem and extremely valuable whose composite attractiveness has made over the years also an unstable political cauldron, no stranger to moments of extreme violence and of vital importance for any candidate in the elections. Especially since, in the coming months, there will be at least 1.5 million registered voters.
This wide earth fissure houses a multifaceted agricultural scenario, labor force call for the entire state. Here, along the shores of Lake Naivasha, it is produced 137,000 tons of roses that literally flock to the European and Asian cities, with environmental and social consequences are not always positive. But it is also a stretch out of sight of tea and coffee fields. Its geothermal power plants, then, provide Nairobi cheap electricity; its water lakes. No wonder, then, the huge influx of migrants who have made, in fact, this area a colorful human kaleidoscope, dominated in particular by the Kikuyu and Kalenjin. A key constituency that Uhuru Kenyatta, the current president of Kenya, he needs to win if he wants to be re-elected next year.
Kenyatta belongs to the Kikuyu tribe, the largest in the country, and his victory in 2013 it was partly due alliance with William Ruto, a very popular politician among the Kalenjin. But today, with galloping inflation, the economy moves back and Ruto on trial by the International Criminal Court in The Hague on charges of incitement to violence after the disputed 2007 elections, every scenario is possible.
Between the end of 2007 and the beginning of 2008, after the elections, Naivasha and Nakuru were devastated by terrible brutality sconquassarono Kenya with over 300,000 displaced and at least 1,300 people killed. Many of Ruto supporters wonder, today, because he is still in the dock while the charges against President Kenyatta have fallen. In fact, the Hague International Criminal Court formally closed in March of this year the case against the incumbent president Uhuru Kenyatta, the first head of state in office to appear before Hague judges. In 2011, Kenyatta was accused of having played a role in the atrocious violence that erupted after elections in 2007. The case, one of the most discussed and criticized in these 13 years, was dropped for lack of evidence, but it has not helped fuel little the myth of the “African prejudice.”
Among the protagonists of the campaign in favor of Kenyatta was reported Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, who does not hide his intention to reach a mass withdrawal by African countries by the Rome Statute. The motion has already been addressed in two different summit of the African Union, however, lacking a quorum thanks to the commitment of countries such as Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo. Politically, however, the “damage” had been done, and what happened in South Africa in favor of Bashir confirms that the effectiveness of the International Criminal Court is at risk. Africa, however, is among the major “shareholders” of the Court: of 123 countries that have signed the Rome Statute, as many as 34 are African. And Africans, in hindsight, are also half of the ongoing conflicts in the world, perhaps one of the reasons why no secondary Hague gaze has settled so often on the black continent. Another reason, say some analysts, is that, being so exposed to violence, African civil society has had particular interest in recent years to establish a state of law, including the rectum from the outside if necessary. “Requirement” but it is felt less by heads of state, especially by those who tend to see themselves above the rules that require them to respond legally for their actions. If you add to this the extreme slowness of action demonstrated by the International Criminal Court (also for lack of higher operating means), here it is that the Court does not enjoy good image and its very existence is now under discussion.
What is certain though, it is that if Ruto should be condemned, its alliance with the current president could be jeopardized by opening the way for other possibilities. Moreover, Ruto is not the only representative of the Kalenjin: Gideon Moi and Isaac Ruto, a governor of the county, for example, are two potential challengers. In a scenario yet to be defined and which could, again, be explosive.

Corruzione in Africa

April 7, 2017

KENYA 6th MOST CORRUPT COUNTRY IN THE WORLD, 1st IN AFRICA

Kenya is the most corrupt nation in Africa and the sixth country in the world on this special and improper classification of bad habits, compiled every two years by the American EY Fraud Survey.
Generally, the country of East Africa has gained a position, confirming its position within the top ten for six years, but has passed Nigeria, Somalia and Congo in the continental ranking, becoming Africa’s most corrupt country, thanks largely to all ‘Increase its business turnover.
In the special statistical dell’EY Fraud Survey, in fact, also it counts the volume of transactions in which they occur fraud of all kinds (from those tax to the real “wads”, from extortion smuggling, from speculation to concessions) and not only habits and opportunities.
Such a ranking is certainly an aid to the Government’s Opposition, in view of the upcoming elections. In fact, the fight against corruption was one of the flags of President Uhuru Kenyatta during his mandate, which expires this August in August, only getting this plague going to mining any institutional setting at every level. The current television presenter, during the establishment of the new Chief of the Judiciary, wanted to believe that he had his hands tied to the phenomenon of corruption, because the power to deprive the corrupt is exercised primarily by Parliament, thus obtaining All over the country, anti-corruption demonstrations are suppressed by the police by forgetting the soft manners, with the consequent rooting of the general “eat-eating” in any environment, even among the poorest people who inevitably fail to understand, given the intellectual, Which is simply destined to remain so.
For this very reason, citizens will renew with the vote the mandate of today’s President!

Raila Odinga

July 18, 2017

THE VIDEO PROPAGANDA AGAINST RAILA ODINGA

The propaganda video that appeared on the Internet last week has generated many reactions. In Kenya, at three weeks of legislative and presidential elections, such a spot fears the explosion of new violence.

The 90-second video, anonymous, is “The Real Raila” and says “Stop Raila, saves Kenya. The future of Kenya is in your hands” and assumes a country in chaos after the opposition’s victory.

Uhuru Kenyatta, outgoing president, along with his deputy, William Ruto, appears to the presidents. Both have been investigated by the International Criminal Court for their alleged involvement in the 2007-2008 electoral violence.

Kenyatta, headed by polls, will once again challenge Raila Odinga, leader of the Orange Democratic Party and National Super Alliance, which brings together the various parts of the opposition.

Generally, the country of East Africa has gained a position, confirming its position within the top ten for six years, but has passed Nigeria, Somalia and Congo in the continental ranking, becoming Africa’s most corrupt country, thanks largely to all ‘Increase its business turnover.
The Real Raila” is one of the many online propaganda warfare tools used by its rivals. It’s clear who is behind the “slick video” Pro-government that has spread it. Other elaborate, targeted and well-oiled bloggers in Facebook and Twitter campaigns said they were funded or connected with Uhuru Kenyatta and his Jubilee Party.

Uhuru Kenyatta House

William Ruto House

Christopher Msando

August 1, 2017

KILLED AN ELECTORAL COMMISSION MANAGER

A Kenya Electoral Commission’s Manager (IEBC) was found dead at a week’s general election on August 8th. The body of Chris Msando has been identified as a prison in Nairobi, IEBC President Wafula Chebukati told the press. «There is no doubt he was tortured and killed. The only question left is who killed him and why», Chebukati said.
The official worked on the integrated electronic control system (IEMS) for the identification of those entitled to vote, which would almost cancel the electoral fraud. This is a move by the IEBC that triggered an intense legal and legislative battle by “soliti corrotti” on the use of an electronic system as opposed to manual identification of voters, a battle that ended in blood, “as is normal”, with the assassination of the manager.
Chebukati announced the cancellation of such control after Msando’s killing.

Msando’s body, which was missing an arm, was found in a grove near Kiambu near the capital, next to a 21-year-old friend, Caroline Ngumbu of Gachie, Kiambu County, who had just completed studies At Kenya Medical Training College, Karen Campus. A witness that was to be eliminated. Both were naked.
The IEBC had previously indicated in a statement that Msando had been seen Friday night and Saturday morning he had sent a message to a colleague saying he was fit and ready to face the challenges of the day.
Unrepeatable anonymous comments about the two victims appeared online, and in part canceled, in various news headlines.

Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta was said to be “deeply saddened and shocked” by the killing of the head of the High Tech Department of the Kenyan Electoral Commission. “Chris was a man who devoted himself to the service of the country and its institutions”, said the Head of State, who has appealed to facilitate the work of investigators. “Speculations could make their work harder by adding to the pain of the people who loved him”. This “is not the time to allow a tragedy to divide”, said Kenyatta referring to the upcoming general elections scheduled for August 8.
Msando had been last seen last Friday, a day when his car was found abandoned in a parking lot in Nairobi. Msando was driving the launch of the new electronic system to use to identify voters during the upcoming elections.

Kenyan opposition called Msando’s murder a “stab” that led to the free elections. As reported in a statement by the main opposition force, the National Super Alliance (NASA), “no effort has been made to make an accident appear to be killing”, demonstrating that the mandates “will not stop in front of anything to ensure the result they want”.
The main challenger of current President Uhuru Kenyatta will be former Raila Odinga, 72, who was already nominated in 2013 when he obtained 43.28 percent of votes against 50.07 percent of Kenyatta’s preferences. In the chairmanship Odinga will be accompanied by former Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka.

It would be false to argue that premeditated murder is not part of Kenya’s policy.
There has been a significant political assassination under every leader in Kenya’s history, not to mention a model of extrajudicial executions dating back to colonization.
The toxic policy that led to the killings of political enlighteners such as Tom Mboya, JM Kariuki, Pio Gama Pinto and Robert Ouko, as well as electoral violence in 1988, 1992, 1997, 2007 and 2013, is more than ever current.

August 2, 2017

The autopsy, conducted at Lee Funeral Home in Nairobi, revealed that Christopher Msando died of strangulation.
Moses Wetang’ula, Senator of Bungoma County and leader of Ford Kenya, said: “I have been a lawyer for many years in this country and abroad. I’ve been dealing with many cases of murder and I have seen many bodies of people killed, but I have never seen the body of a person who was tortured and killed like Msando. I tell my people that Msando was assassinated as an animal. Seeing her body was nothing short of shocking and the facts clearly suggest that her killers were looking for a password to get to the IEBC computer and manipulate votes. “.

Chris Msando

Caroline Ngumbu

Paramilitary body of GSU

7 agosto 2017

Tension in pre-election day, exchange of accidents between the two schieraments

High tension remains in Kenya on the eve of the presidential election that will be held tomorrow. Both the American and Canadian embassy confirmed that the two North Americans, arrested last Friday, were expelled from the country, but did not provide any details.
The same fate has also been to the two Ghanaians who, according to Senator James Orengo, were part of the group of experts invited by NASA to provide their assistance in monitoring the electoral process.

As revealed by the immigration authorities this morning, the reasons for the arrest and the consequent deportation concerned entry visa irregularities as the four had entered Kenya as simply tourists and therefore, as such, it was not they are allowed to engage in any type of professional activity. This decision, though formally impeccable, has appeared excessively and exclusively aimed at disturbing the pre-electoral activities of NASA.

Last Saturday, Orengo, in the meantime, revealed in surprise that the fifteen incursors that a few days ago broke into the NASA headquarters devastating him would be identified as bourgeois police agents. Of them five of them also made the names. These would be Chiefs Charles Ndugu, Leonard Barongo, Lindon Nyaga; Sergeant Richard Serem and Chief Inspector Francis Kimemia. From names it would seem to be just kikuyu, ethnicity of President Uhuru Kenyatta.
A few hours later, the Nairobi police spokesman, George Kinoti, however, severely denied the news, ruling out that such an outbreak had ever occurred and liquidated it as a mere propaganda find of the opposition party. “How is it – was the police officer asked – is this raid, if it really happened, never been reported to law enforcement?”
The allegation of alleged breaches has provoked lively reactions to opposing deployments. Raila Odinga’s supporters shout at the scandal by serious manipulation of the results of the vote, while those in favor of the outgoing president, Uhuru Kenyatta, swear lazzi on the pathetic attempts of the opposition to pick up the elector’s favors with the continued use of fandonies.

However, day after day, the country is approaching the vote in a more and more glowing atmosphere with the record that continues to report events, whether true or presumed, anything but favorable to establishing a peaceful and confident climate on the genuineness of the outcome of consultation. To add even more apprehension, news has come that the police of Kisumu, County where the heart of the supporters of Raila Odinga has gathered, received large quantities of first aid material, including hundreds of corps recovery and Although the local Security Officer, Wilson Njenga, has overturned the fact, attributing it to a normal preventive practice, carried out in collaboration with the Red Cross, the spread of this initiative has nevertheless created great concern among the public.

Yesterday the election campaign was closed and today, on the eve of the vote on Monday 7, must be a day dedicated to meditation and silence so that everyone can serenely prepare for the democratic duty to elect whom to represent and guide the country over the five years to come. From all over the world, Kenya exhorts to calm and peaceful acceptance of the result.
by Africa ExPress

William Ruto with his wife Rachel

7 agosto 2017

William Ruto, the most corrupt man in Kenya wants to reconfirm to Vice President

William Samoei arap Ruto, Kenya’s vice president, is back in Uhuru Kenyatta’s rows to regain his armchair.
Ruto was born in 1966 in the Uasin Ghishu County, fief of the Kalenjin, one of the largest ethnic groups in the country, from a family of modest origins. Since childhood he has always been a brilliant student. He graduated with the highest grades in biology and zoology, and for several years he earned a living as a teacher, before embarking on political career.
In 1992, he launched a policy with “The Young People for Kenya African National Union” (KANU), the party of Daniel arap Moi (arap means a kalenjin child). Young Ruto was a frequent visitor to the African Inland Church (AIC) and in the university years he was also the leader of the University Christian Union choir.
His first encounter with Moi happens randomly during a religious function: the then president had been hit by a prayer recited by Ruto. Today, the vice president is a wealthy man, but sources of his native village say that he was selling chickens and peanuts on the Nakuru-Eldoret road for a young man to contribute to his family’s low budget.
During the 2007 elections Kenyatta and Ruto were busy on different fronts. The former was then a faithful president of the time, Mwai Kibaki, while the latter supported Raila Odinga, now rival of Ruto, and candidate as president in this election.

Both Kenyatta and his deputy Ruto were indicted by the Hague International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity, committed during and after the presidential elections of 2007, other considered to be rigged by the international community.
There were a thousand deaths in tribal clashes between the supporters of one and those of the other, which were then on opposite sides. But as is often the case, the trial was set aside for the withdrawal of witnesses. Many believe that witnesses have been bought after the strange deaths of some of them. In addition, in 2013, during a summit in the African Union, many countries threatened to get out of the ICC, classifying it as “racist and prejudicial attitudes towards Africans.”

Ruto was the first vice president in the history of the former British colony to be elected directly by the people; Functions and powers competing for this role are set by the Constitution. The vice president must also perform the tasks entrusted to him directly by the president and support him when necessary to be able to govern with serenity.
Just under a year ago, the Infotrak, company that deals with social research and statistics, has classified the Ruto office as the most corrupt ever, while the President is the second in this sad ranking. Sixty-two per cent of Kenyans are convinced that they have not chosen the best party during the 2013 elections, while fifty-five per cent are not satisfied with the country’s economic performance.
William has a great charisma and is a great speaker, as well as being an excellent team leader. He is married to Rachel Chebet Ruto, known during college years, who has given him six children, including a non-biological daughter, Nadia. The wife comes from a family of poor peasants; Rachel first wore a pair of shoes when he was admitted to secondary school. Ruto is painted like a great family father, and follows the children’s education carefully.
by Africa ExPress

Raila Odinga (right) and Kalonzo Musyoka

7 agosto 2017

Kalonzo Musyoka, runs with Raila:
the man of the umbrella and half orange

Wakati ni sasa” (The time is now). It comes with a simple slogan, perhaps a bit banal Kalonzo Musyoka candidate to Kenya’s vice president, along with candidate president Raila Odinga. Musyoka, class 1953, is the party man with the umbrella, the Wiper Democratic Movement (WDM). It is Kamba ethnicity, about 4 million people living in the eastern part of the country and account for almost 10 percent of the Kenyan population.

Long-term politician (has been in parliament since 1985), Musyoka was Kenya’s vice president from 2008 to 2013 and in government during the dictatorship of Daniel arap Moi. Between 1986 and 2002, under the full moon regime, he was Minister of Foreign Affairs, Education Minister and Head of the Tourism and Information Department.
With the presidency of Mwai Kibaki, the first after Moi, he was entrusted with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and then with the Environment. After defeating the 2007 elections, Kibaki appointed him as Vice President in January 2008, entrusting him with the Ministry of Interior.

The Wiper Democratic Movement is the evolution of the Orange Democratic Movement-Kenya (ODM-Kenya), which in 2007, four months before the election, had separated from the Orange Democratic Movement of Raila Odinga. Odinga’s party symbol is the orange that Musyoka has resumed but cutting it in half.
It did not bring luck to him: only 9 percent of the voters’ consent that had a lot of confusion between the choice of the whole orange and its half. For a part of her former party colleagues she was illiterate for others a betrayal.
Perhaps at this point, the only alternative could only be an open umbrella. In past political elections, the WDM, with almost 880,000 votes, entered parliament by winning 25 seats out of 349.
In this election campaign, the Wiper Democratic Movement presents itself with the National Super Alliance-Nasa, a coalition of five opposition parties, the most important of which is the Orange Democratic Movement.
by Africa ExPress

Kenya Elections 2017

11 agosto 2017

Kenyatta reconfirmed president of Kenya

Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta was officially re-confirmed as Kenya’s President for his second mandate expiring in 2022. Vice President William Ruto was also re-affirmed.
The proclamation of the winner was announced by IEBC, the Electoral commission of Kenya, well over 22, when the president, Wafula Chebukati, he has revealed the decision which his institute received after a thorough examination of the results and announced the renewal of the presidential office at Uhuru Kenyatta which, with 54.20% of the votes (8,181,021), defeated the rival Raila Odinga which totaled 44.91% (6,779,469).
In Malindi: Uhuru 23.4%-Raila 75.62%.
The Reuters agency reports that only Mathare, Nairobi pro Raila Slum, has risen to 10 deaths, including a young woman and a baby girl who was facing a balcony, due to “sporadic shots” shot by Police during clashes with protesters against the results of the presidential election. Three people were killed in Nakuru County during the celebrations that followed the re-election of the president.
Kenya’s Human Rights Commission said it had counted 24 dead in protests that broke out in the opposition strongholds after Tuesday’s election, but the opposition speaks of the deaths of “a hundred people and 10 of these children.”

Election Kenya 2017 by County

Presidential Election Kenya 2017 by ConstituencyAnti riot policemen deploy to disperse protesters in Mathare

14 agosto 2017

Calm in Kenya.
Raila resort to the UN and civil society to the Supreme Court

Quiet day, today, and without significant violence throughout the country, including the Nairobi slums and the Kisumu area. The strike to which Raila Odinga had called her supporters yesterday was a partial success, but only in the capital of the capital. Many exercises have resumed the normal activities everywhere, although some have remained closed by causing a return of violence.

Uhuru, today, made his first public appearance after the vote when, with a massive car and motorbike deal, he went to the Harambee House in Nairobi. His irreducible opponent, Raila Odinga, instead appealed to the United Nations, requesting their intervention for a thorough investigation of the electoral mechanism. According to what he has repeatedly stated, he believes he has been tampered with by political opponents. NASA’s leader also reiterated his total misgivings to both the Electoral Commission and the Supreme Court, in his view, both controlled by Uhuru Kenyatta. He then reiterated the disappointment on the work of international observers, especially the American ones led by John Kerry, for the superficiality with which they conducted their checks on the work of the IEBC.

On yesterday’s day there was also the mysterious suicide of Orenge NyabichaIn yesterday’s day there was also the mysterious suicide of Orenge Nyabicha, a high official of the IEBC (the Kenyan Electoral Commission) that left a note in which attributed the extreme gesture to the moral impossibility to share the fraud implemented by the body of which it was part. Death would have been caused by a deliberate carbon monoxide intoxication in the fumes of a kerosene stove found in its housing by investigators. The spread of this news has triggered many opposing reactions on social networks. The supporters of NASA read a tragic confirmation of the fraud, while those of the Jubilee, blame the opponents for having created a staging that corroborate the thesis of the plot to their damage.

The inhabitants of Mathare and Kibera, have also denounced violent raids against them by groups of Mungiki (the sect Kikuyu, outlaw, which is identified in the independence movement of the Mau Mau). Other events confirmed by the same police authorities who continue to patrol the most threatened areas in force, reaffirming that he had never made use of real ammunition and attributing the death of the nine-year-old girl, struck yesterday on the balcony of the house, to the weapons in possession of the demonstrators.

Lucky Summer residents, a Nairobi slam, supporters mostly by Raila Odinga, told Africa ExPress that some of the apartments have been devastated today by armed robots of machete (which are called panga) and knives. “They wore military uniforms but were not military. Some had their hair with the dreadlocks (the particular knots using Rasta, ndr)- says George Otieno- They could not be soldiers. They were the Mungiki”.

It is difficult, even for the most accurate of chroniclers, to unravel between the false and the truths set out by both opponents and it is therefore not to bring back the statements of one and the others, without any possibility to disprove them or Avvalorarle. It is certain that everything is meant to be understood that the question of voting, despite the peace that now seems to reign in the country, is far from resolved. Raila Odinga claims to have been robbed of victory for the third time and is not willing to tolerate the abuse, although he does not intend – he ensured – to apply again to the presidential office.

However, if the candidate defeated, he does not intend to resort to the Supreme Court of Kenya, he announces that he wants to do it tomorrow, in his capacity as the Kenya Civil Society, a non-governmental institution that protects law and legality Against any act – both public and private – which is guilty of these principles. The petition, if presented as promised, is likely to slip the sworn oath for tomorrow’s newly re-elected President Uhuru Kenyatta and his deputy William Ruto.
Tomorrow Raila Odinga has summoned a press conference tomorrow (time and place will be announced at the last moment for security reasons) in which he will announce the moves he intends to take “to reverse a shameful electoral outcome”, are his words.
by Africa ExPress

The Supreme Court of KenyaSeptember 1, 2017

Kenya Elections canceled, the vote within 60 days

The Supreme Court of Kenya canceled the votes for the Presidency of the Republic that were held on August 8, 2017. A new election round will be held cavern 60 days. There were serious irregularities, they established the judges. Hence the decision to invalidate the results.

The Supreme Court has accepted the petition submitted by NASA. With this ruling, reached by four votes on six, the supreme judges implicitly acknowledge that Raila Odinga was right: the electoral results of 8 August were manipulated to its detriment. They explode the festivities among its supporters, in the silent bewilderment of those of the opponent Uhuru Kenyatta and shines on all the shameful embarrassment of international observers who hastily placed their imprimatur on the correct Conduct of the electoral process.
It is the first time that a court in an African country cancels the presidential elections.
by Africa ExPress

Kenya EconomyKenya Economy

Currently, the economy is based mainly on exports of agricultural products (bananas, tea, coffee, etc.) and tourism.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the country and employs over 80% of the population. According to the 2003 census, the agricultural sector had assumed 75% of the total workforce of Kenya job. The Kenyan agriculture is well developed along the coast, where, thanks to the climate or to heavy rain throughout the year, there is the growth of a diverse and lush flora. Corn which occupies 62% of agricultural land while cassava and sorghum are grown in less fertile lands and used mainly by the residents specifically in agriculture is the most cultivated cereal.
In addition, in the country there is the presence of foreign multinational companies that hold several plantations for the production of coffee, tea, bananas, coconut and sisal (textile fiber derived from sisal leaves used for the construction of ropes, twines, baskets, carpets and other handicrafts), products which are then exported.
The breeding of cattle and sheep is very practiced mostly by nomadic peoples.

With its strategic location, the presence of a better infrastructure system compared to neighboring countries and the use of English by most of the population, Kenya should be one of the most attractive markets in the eyes of foreign investors.
Kenya could offer many opportunities on several fronts: from the livestock sector to agriculture, from telecommunications to transport, tourism industry in general.
Although located in a turbulent region of Africa, plagued over the years by internal and international conflicts, has retained a some stability, thanks to the work of conduct mediation compared to regional crises.
Currently Kenya can be considered one of Europe’s leading Africa in economic and commercial terms, but the rampant corruption in all levels of society is one of the biggest obstacles that prevents the country to develop. In fact, it is considered one of the greatest challenges that the people must win to avoid being a third world country. Corruption runs everywhere, increasing inequality, discouraging funding and foreign aid.
Corruption in Kenya has ruined schools and hospitals, the agricultural and industrial sectors, roads and landscapes, but mostly ruined people. Kenya is ranked sixth in the world for corruption. As in other countries, the main impediment to development is just corruption, as the company moves back and increases unemployment. Kenya, in everyday practice, shows that he does not want to win this battle. This aspect of corruption is present in all situations especially if you must have something to do with the police.
In the Malindi police rounds salary blackmailing tourists, terrorizing them with handcuffs just to get money. Foreigners who live in Malindi for years, say that those who have tried to report them spent only trouble. The local police is too strong and it would enable the agreement to prove that what he says the stranger, especially if tourist, is false and only suffer the negative consequences (stop and / or withdrawal of a passport for months, preventing the departure from the country) .
there are those who wonder why the government, well aware, do not do anything.
But the answer is simple: should that Kenya is a third world country, agrees that there is sex tourism, agrees that his men have as a dream to send off the money from foreign old hen, it agrees that women prostitute themselves and agrees to keep the shape of pregnant African women surrounded by a sea of children. In this country, if you can call it, everything is convenience!

In Kenya, in March 2017, the gross public debt reached 40.4 billion dollars.
In April 2017, inflation reached 11.48% and one kilogram of sugar was sold over $ 2, as well as corn flour (unga) for a two-pound pack.
The shilling value fell from a Ksh 86.44 peak against the dollar in March 2014 to Ksh 103 in May 2017.
In July 2017 The unemployment rate in Kenya reached 40% of the adult population , a high rate also with respect to african standards.

Malindi, a colony of the crime.

According to the merciless portrait of the cities mentioned above drafted in 2005 by the US ambassador William Bellamy, ended up in the meat grinder of Wikileaks, Italians have turned Malindi in a piece of Italy traslocandovi their “vices”: exploitation and organized crime.
The shock report Bellamy cited the allegations of corruption against local police baskets by the then Italian console, but it was not at all lenient towards Italians. According to the diplomat, the Italian community has excluded young Africans from work, with the result to drive them to drug trafficking and other illegal activities. Worse, Bellamy also specified that the underworld was actually ruled by the Italians. And that “local authorities are taking advantage of new business to participate in the activity of extortion against the tourists.”
Bellamy reported the case of a Milanese mobster, who arrived in Malindi to rebuild their lives after a conviction in Italy.He also cited other European fugitives who had found impunity in Ibiza of Kenya, as it is called the town. The Italian was by far the biggest drug dealer in the area: in one of his residences were found 700 kilos of cocaine and 300 others had been discovered in a container shipped to Nairobi.
The explosion of the drug business in Kenya, according to the ambassador and many analysts, has helped to increase religious frictions, mixing economic affairs with the social and religious divisions. “All agree that the tensions between the Kenyan communities and the Italians are becoming tensions between Muslims and Christians”, he reflected Bellamy in 2005. The fundamentalists, even then, were proselytes outside mosques in the suburbs inhabited by unemployed youth. The Muslim and Christian gangs faced off on the roadside, and the Christians were increasingly identified as white men associated with the new problems of the country. Seven years later, the tensions between Muslims and Christians have resulted in attacks and bloodshed. The case certainly not isolated commando, composed of groups of dogs loose hooded, assaulting the tourists’ houses holding the machete, they are in fact only a small part of the problem that the Italians have helped create.

See also: Malindi from bad to worse!

Spent more than 200 billion shillings in EurobondNovember 25, 2015

President Uhuru Kenyatta decided a reshuffle of government, with a change at the top of the Ministries of Energy, Agriculture, Transport and Labour. Kenyatta reiterated that corruption constitutes a “threat to national security.” All replaced ministers -the newspaper The Standard reported- were involved in corruption scandals.
Also the Minister for Devolution, involved in an affair concerning bribes, had resigned denouncing “health problems, caused by the poisonous climate and false allegations” that were moved.
Kenyatta, who was elected in 2013 after having focused on the fight against corruption his campaign, also announced a new legislation providing for the forfeiture of public office in a corruption case and the withdrawal of licenses for banks that did not comply with anti-money laundering standards.
Critics accuse him of failing to keep so far, the promises made and to have only marginally addressed the problem of rampant corruption in all sectors of public administration.
Among the scandals that have affected the Kenyan government, there are a number of related events to land grabbing, cheating on procurement and the inability, on the part of the competent ministers, to explain how about 2.75 billion dollars were spent in Eurobond raised from international markets in 2014. The same Kenyan Armed Forces are at the center of a blizzard, on charges of being involved in a traffic of brown sugar from Somalia, which also provides for an alliance with the insurgents al Shabaab that the army should fight, for a turnover of $ 400 million a year.

History is a trace of our and other existence, as well as preserving usages, traditions and customs

Read the following blogs (When necessary use translators)

Kenya

History of Kenya
History of Malindi
History of Watamu

Zanguebar the land of the Zanj
Kenya from X to XX century
Sultanate of Kilwa
Swahili people

Vasco da Gama
The Malindi Portuguese
The southern sky toward the 1500
Chinese people in Africa

Gede ruins
The slave trade and slavery
Colonialism
African Holocaust
Uganda Railway
Mau Mau: extermination

Monotheistic Abrahamic religions
Kenya: peoples, tribes, ethnicities
Masai Tribe
Laibon Olonana Ole Mbatian
Ogiek Tribe
Mijikenda Tribe
Kavirondo Tribe

Kenya: provinces, districts, cities
Nairobi
Kibera, Nairobi
Mathare Valley, Nairobi
Korogocho, Nairobi
Mombasa
Lamu
Kisumu

The Great Rift Valley